AM v S Die laaste stukkie republikeinse goud. Mnr PJ Kloppers: Die waarheid oor die Kruger-veldponde in Fleur January 1947.

Arndt EHD The South African Mints. Publication of the University of Pretoria Serie III. Arts and Social Sciences No 9. Pretoria. 1939.

Arndt EHD Notes on an interview with Kloppers. 29 October 1939.

Arndt EHD Concept of Arndt's book and notes of Kloppers. 29 January 1940

Arthur AM. Paper currency of the Anglo-Boer war 1899-1902. in Journal no 1. The Association of South African Numismatic Societies. 1987.

Barter WJH Letters addressed to Colonel Serjeant 1 September 1902

Barter WJH Letter addressed to J Hunter McLea, published byAH Smith's in an article "Marshall's Souvenirs of the ZAR Munt te Velde" in Notes and News March 1976 Part 22 No 1.

Becklake JT Aantekeninge oor Muntstukke van die Suid Afrikaanse Republiek. Paper
presented to the South African National Society Pretoria Branch. 1933.

Becklake JT From Real to Rand: The story of Money, Medals and Mints in SA. Central News Agency Ltd Cape Town. 1965

Becklake JT Notes on the Coinage of the South African Republic. Numismatic Chronicle fifth series Vol XIV 1934.

Cartwright A Valley of Gold. Howard Timmins. Cape Town. 1980.

Cooney MJ Letters addressed to his niece Maggie.

Engelbrecht CL Money in South Africa. Tafelberg. 1987.

Engelbrecht CL Die verhaal van die Veldponde in Opsaal. June 1950

Erasmus JJP Die Zuid-Afrikaancshe Republiek se Staatsmunt te velde. Unpublished manuscript. 2006.

Erasmus JJP Personal communication with Colonel Koos Erasmus. 2007.

Esterhuysen Matthy Ons Erfenis. Year unkown.

Government Proclamation No 4 of 1904

Helme Nigel Thomas Major Cullinan: A biography. McGrawHill 1974.

Kaplan A Comments in Journal of the Institution of Certificated Engineers South Africa. December 1946.

Kloppers PJ Hoe veldponde gedurende die oorlog geslaan is. Vaderland 21 Augustus 1936

Kloppers PJ Herinneringe 1901-1902. Manuscript 5124 in the War Museum of the Boer Republics 26 June 1931. Bloemfontein.

Kloppers PJ Letter addressed at professor Arndt. 11 July 1939;. 2 August 1939; 3 August 1939; 12 August 1939; 18 September 1939; 15 October 1939; 16 October 1939; 19 October 1939; 30 January 1940;

Levine Elias The Coinage and Counterfeits of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. Purnel. Cape Town. 1974.

Mpumalanga Museum Services at Pilgrim's Rest
Transvaal Gold Mining Estate Central Reduction Works.1896-1971
Pilgrims's Rest Reduction Works 1896-1971

Marshall Alex Photos of Boer Commandos taken at Pilgrim's Rest during the war. Lundt Humphries. London. 1902.

Marshall Alex Letter addressed to Colonel Serjeant. 18 November 1902.

McCracken Donald P The Irish pro-Boers. Perskor, Johannesburg 1998.

Meijer LP & JC Krogh. Letter addressed at PJ Kloppers. 5 May 1902

Meiring S Ons eer hul Gedagtenis: Die geskiedenis van Philippus Johannes Kloppers (1874-1960 en Maria Magdalena Naudé (1881-1970). Unpublished manuscript.

MER ZAR 1902 Die Pelgrimsponde in Die Huisgenoot 5 February 1943.

Minnaar PH Letter addressed at PJ Kloppers. 1 June 1902

Muller Chris H Oorlogsherinneringe. Nasionale Pers. Cape Town. 1936.

Muller CH Genl Muller vertel van die ou Veldpond in Vaderland 15 September 1936

Pienaar PS Letter addressed at PJ Kloppers. 8 May 1902.

Reid WG Personal notes in possession of his granddaughter R Landman

Rosenthal Eric From Barter to Barclays. Barclays Bank. Cape Town.1968.

Rosenthal Eric The Best of Eric Rosenthal. Cape Town. 1975.

Robson CR Comments in Journal of the Institution of Certificated Engineers. South Africa. December 1946.

Roux JP South African mints with particular reference to the war production of coins in Journal of the Institution of Certificated Engineers South African vol xix No 9 December 1946.

Schultz JO Pilgrim's Rest and the Anglo Boer War 1899-1902. The Pilgrim's Rest Museum Research Department. 1999.

Shaw EM 'n Geskiedenis van betaalmiddels in Suid-Afrika. South African Museum. Guide No 5. 1956.

Smith Anna Marshall's Souvenirs of the ZAR Munt te Velde 1902. in Notes and News. March 1976 volume 22 No 1 Africana Museum. Johannesburg.

Stoker P Die Avontuurlike Staatsmunt te Velde in Yskornuus. Desember 1953.

Stoker P Mr Kloppers interviewed at his home on Sunday 29 October 1939.

The Coin Report Vol 1 No 4 Issue 4. The Gold ZAR Veldpond (Siege Coin) of 1902
June/September 1996

The Coin Report Vol 1 No 1. The (ZAR) gold "Veldpond" (Field pound): The last coin of the ZAR (1902)

Rand Daily Mail Thursday 9 October 1902

Rand Daily Mail Thursday 6 November 1902

The Star Johannesburg 17 September 1927. Report on the Veldpond.

Thomas David Reed Letters and family information.

Vaderland 21 Aug 1936. Article on the Veldpond. Hoe die veldponde gedurende die oorlog geslaan is.

Vaderland 15 Sept 1936. Letter written by General Muller: Genl Muller vertel van die ou 'Veldponde'.

Van BartĀ  Marthinus & Leopoldt Scholtz editors. Vir Vryheid en vir Reg Tafelberg.
Cape Town. 2003

Verwoerd Wilhelm Transvaalse veldponde en Gouvernments Nooten. in Vir Vryheid en vir Reg. Editor. Marthinus van Bart

Viljoen BJ Mijne Herinneringen uit den Anglo-Boeren-Oorlog. Amsterdam. 1902.
Volkskas Goue munte/Gold Coins. Volkskas Beperk. 1969.

Wilson Peter The Veldpond and its notorious 'High A" forgery in De Nummis Journal No 5 of 2002. Publication of The National Numismatic Society of South Africa.


TAB CJC 1058 ref 1167
TAB LD 762 AG 2610/04

TAB MHG 11148
TAB MHG 2404/47
TAB MHG 8893/60
TAB MHG 89024
TAB MHG 4567/46
TAB MHG 5937/71
TAB MHG 24743
TAB Aanwins A551
TAB Aanwins A202
TAB Aanwins A185

TAB IOP4 IOMG 224/00 H Hanneman, Pretoria. re 600 bags of flour at Transvaal hotel Komatipoort

SAB GG 234 3/5239 Request of Master of the Royal Mint, Pretoria, for assistance in tracing the correspondence of the late Lord Kitchener relating to the seizure of the dies with which the "veld pond" was forged at Pilgrim's Rest

TAB PMO 40 PM 2702/01 Inquiry re Mr WH Barter

TAB CS 8 841/01Proclamation No 4 of 6 February 1901 Disfigurement of Tvl coins

TAB CS 104 6738/02 Permit to return for Mr. Jules Perrin. Forwarding correspondence re above from Lourenço Marques to Pretoria

TAB SP 224 SPR 892/00 Staatssecretaris afdeeling b. landdrost Johannesburg zendt inĀ  memorie vragende kwijtskchelding straf van J Cooney

TAB SS R331/1900 Landdrost, Pietersburg gevangene MJ Cooney vraagt gratie

TAB SS R7768/00 & CAJ 718 Proviand commissie Pretoria. H Hanneman komatipoort zendt in lyst van levensmiddelen voor handen in den winkel van police die gevlucht is.




ABSA Coin Collection with special reference to Mr Sinothi Thabethe

Professor David Reed Thomas for personal documents, photos and information

National Archives in Pretoria - the staff of the reading room

Mpumalanga Museum Services at Pilgrim's Rest with special reference to the chief researcher Ms Judith Mason

Mr Anthony Govender who made most valuable information available

Mr HS Jordaan, retired metallurgist of Yskor, Pretoria

Mr Johan Shields for certain photos

South African National Museum of Military History in Johannesburg

Voortrekker Monument Pretoria with special reference to Ms Estelle Pretorius and Ms Riette Zaayman, archivist of the Afrianer Erfenis Stigting.

War Museum of the Boer Republics in Bloemfontein with special reference to Ms Elria Wessels


1. Introduction
2. Background
3. Pilgrim's rest
4. Contemplating the making of gold pounds
5. Permission for establishing a government mint
6. ZAR field mint at Pilgrim's rest
7. Workshop and machines
8. Process of making veldpond
9. Cabinet ministers visited Pilgrim's rest
10. The mint commission
11. Final product
12. Medals awarded
13. Veldpond as a reminder
14. How many veldpond were minted?
15. Mining property left behind in excellent condition
16. The last time the dies were used
17. Marshall's book
18. Diorama of the field mint at the empire exhibition 1936
19. Conclusion
20. References